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Development Milestones Ages 4-5 Years

Children change from clumsy toddlers into lively explorers of their world.


• Speaks fairly complex sentences
• Enjoys singing simple songs, rhymes, and nonsense words
• Adapts language to listener’s level of understanding
• Learns name, address, and phone number if taught
• Asks and answers who, what, when, why, where questions
• Able to memorize address and phone number
• Understands that stories have a beginning, middle, and end
• Enjoys telling his or her own stories
• Jumps over objects 5-6 inches high
• Runs, jumps, hops, skips around obstacles with ease
• Stacks 10 or more blocks
• Forms shapes and objects out of clay or play dough
• Threads small beads on a string
• Catches, bounces, and throws a ball easily
• Throws ball overhead
• Rides a tricycle skillfully, may show interest in riding a bicycle with training wheels
• Enjoys showing off and bragging about possessions
• Fearful of the dark and monsters
• Begins to understand danger—at times can become quite fearful
• Has difficulty separating make-believe from reality
• Lies sometimes to protect self and friends, but doesn’t truly understand the concept of lying – imagination often gets in the way
• Likes to shock others by using “forbidden” words
• Still throws tantrums over minor frustrations
• Expresses anger verbally rather than physically (most of the time)
• Invents games with simple rules
• Organizes other children and toys for pretend play


0-1 Years | 1-2 Years | 2-3 Years | 3-4 Years | 4-5 Years